A Planting Plan to Entice the Beneficial Insects

Bumble bee on perennial leek flower

Beneficial insects are the food gardeners best friend. Prepare to be amazed at the amount of larvae gobbling, pest destroying action going on around you in the micro. Seduce as broad a population of them as you can into your patch and cross pest management off the list.

Parasitic wasps, hoverflies, various bees and ladybirds, praying mantis, spiders, dragonflies, assassin bugs, lacewings, a variety of beetles, frogs, birds and earwigs (yes, earwigs!) are an important part of the team. Take your pest management to new heights by learning who they are and how they roll.

3 things will get there – be spray free, create habitat and provide plenty of food.

Be Spray Free

Kale covered in aphids - plenty of brown bloated parasiticised ones show predators at work
Tempting to Neem these aphids, but all the brown ones are parasitized. Best left well alone so a new gen. of parasitic wasps can rise up.

Spray is an insidious thing – it travels far further than you imagine. Were it dyed and thus turned visible, you’d be appalled (unless the spray is seaweed!). Swap the spray for a roll on if you are dealing with an intense invasion of hard core vining weeds like convulvulus, kikuyu or ivy.

Beneficial insects are more susceptible to sprays of all kinds – whether herbicide or pesticide, than pests are. Making heavily sprayed gardens, ironically – more pest laden than spray free gardens.

Step away from the toxic spray and non selective natural sprays like pyrethrum.

Habitat

Home for insects means wild, undisturbed places. A selection of natives and perennials, rocks, logs and whatever size body of water your place can fit – whether it’s a pond or birdbath. The more diverse the natural resources, the more diverse the life that comes to play. And the more diversity of life the greater diversity of pest management.

Leave bits of log/ wood tucked beneath trees/ shrubs to house bumblebees etc and encourage a swathe of beneficial below ground fungi to boot.

Year Round Food Supply

BEES FORAGING ON LONG LAWN

Nectar eaters and pollen gatherers need tiny, open flowers. Modern varieties are often lacking in nectar and pollen, so choose heirloom/ wild/ weeds and native flowers. A year’s supply will keep them at your place (when the food runs out, so will they). Watch and see which flowers are the most beloved in your garden.

  • flowering umbelliferae – coriander, parsnip, parsley, carrot, celery, dill, caraway, queen annes lace, bishops flower
  • flowering clover – vetch, lucerne, lupin
  • flowering brassicas – broccoli, mustard, radish, rocket
  • some helpful natives – hebes, olearias, pittosporums, carpodetus, hoheria
  • weeds like dandelion, yarrow and hawkbit are much beloved – let your lawn be wild!

Feeding the Beneficials Year Round

perennial cornflower, renga renga, cornflowers and yarrow

My Favourite Perennials

There are loads to choose from, heres a selection:

Summer Flowering
Lavender, Echinacea, Golden Rod, Rudbeckia, Thyme, Marjoram, Oregano, Shasta Daisies, Bergamot, Yarrow, Lemon Balm, Buddleia, Anise Hyssop, Salvia, Corokia, Hoheria, Comfrey, Perennial Leeks, Artichokes

Autumn Flowering
Sedum, Caryopteris, Rudbeckia, Thyme, Marjoram, Oregano, Sage, Yarrow, Lemon Balm, Anise Hyssop, Salvia, Echinops, Chicory, Artichokes

Winter Flowering
Hellebores, Wallflowers, Rosemary, Sage, Hebe, Pineapple Sage, Anise Hyssop

Spring Flowering
California Lilac, Lavender, Hellebore, Wallflower, Sweet William, Dianthus, Flax, Bergamot, Yarrow, Anise Hyssop, Pittosporum

anise hyssop
Anise Hyssop and Queen Annes Lace

My Favourite Annuals

  • Borage, Phacelia, Calendula, Marigold, Cosmos, Buckwheat, Poppies, Chamomile, Cornflower, Nasturtium, Alyssum, Verbena Bonaresis

Borage and Phacelia are high in nectar and refill quickly, making them the perfect fit amongst fruit trees and vegies. They self seed readily – you only need to sow them once, and they’ll flower nearly all year from a succession of self sown plants.