How to Grow Shell-out Beans

Blue Shackamaxon shellout beans

Shell-out beans are the beans you grow for seed to use in soups and stews. They are such a star crop! Input to output ratio swings firmly in the output camp. Productive in a little space, demand little from the soil, are a good value vegetable protein and require no preserving at all – just pop them out of the dry pods and fill a big jar.

Jars of homegrown beans in the pantry are satisfaction plus and so versatile – salads, refrieds, fritters, loaves, soups …

Because homegrown shellouts are fresh, they’re faster to cook, creamier and on the whole next level tastier than the who-knows-how-old-they-are beans in the bulk bins.

Dry beans have undeserved press as being too much effort to bother with. Perhaps from old beans that take ages to cook and after all that turn out horrible. Or maybe its the thought of the overnight soak? That’s like a 3-minute job!

Drain and rinse them the next day and cook at a good boil in plenty of water for about 30 minutes, or until creamy – and boy oh boy are fresh ones creamy. A slowcooker works for this job too. I cook a big batch each time and freeze them in cup size containers. No more tinned beans!

Sow

I give my beans a head start on the slugs and tray sow them in the greenhouse mid-Spring, or they can be direct sown in the garden once the soil is steadily sitting at 15 degrees. Don’t rush into planting ok – if the soil is less than 15 degrees they’ll rot and struggle.

Climbing beans are more productive than dwarf, but if you don’t have access to frames, grow dwarf / bush beans. Sow a few successions late spring through to mid summer to gather enough to fill your jars to the top.

I like to use all my stored beans by time the next seasons beans are ready. Though they will last in the pantry, they go downhill the older they get.

Frames

I love reinforcing mesh for its ease. Simply it tie it to a robust stake either end. At the end of the season, its easy to pack down and stores nice and flat against a wall. The downer is untangling the vines from the mesh!

Jute string attached to a frame gets over this problem as the string and vines can all be composted together. You need to twist a few strings together though rather than using one in the event it rots off at the bottom and swings free.

Flax flowers are fab if you have a frame to attach them too, or if not windy at yours they make a lovely teepee which works really well for shell-outs. Compost them vines and all at the end.

Varieties

Blue Shackamaxon

So many good varieties to choose from – you’ll find it hard to pick especially if, like me, you are easily seduced with cool names. Checkout Mark Christensen and all the good work he’s doing in heritage food crop research. He has a huge selection of heirloom beans as does Sethas Seeds.

different shellout bean varieties

The climbing shellouts I’m growing this year are Blue Shackamaxon – a really good black bean, Hidatsa Shield – a sweet, creamy bean that works anywhere a white bean does including hummus, Fat Goose – which is so creamy and delish in soups and stews, Abenaki pean – a kind of adzuki bean substitute, Cherokee – another black bean sub and a newbie – Seneca Speckled Bird Egg. Yip, you know it. The name got me!

Borlotti dwarf bean

Dwarf borlotti’s do really well here. I’ve grown them for years. A simple borlotti, tomato + aubergine stew is one of my favourite Autumn feeds.

Soya beans are another dwarf bean worth growing if you live somewhere warm. They aren’t terribly productive in my Levin garden when summers off pace, but steamed fresh with salt they are such a beautiful snack I can never resist.

Grow

Beans are super productive, low maintenance and apart from the odd sucking insect – problem-free. Compared to fussy old tomatoes, for instance – they’re a dream. As long as there is moisture retentive, free-draining soil at their feet they will grow and grow.

Pair them with low growing flowers to call in the bees, confuse the pests and keep the ground covered in the easiest and prettiest of ways – nasturtium, calendula or marigold all do well. Cucumber, gherkin or squash will happily scramble at their feet + salads happily fit here too. If shield bugs are a regular in your patch sow mustard and/or cleome as a catch crop close by.

Keep on top of sucking insects on your daily walk about by squashing them. If they get away on you, go for it with Neem.

Harvest

Borlottis drying. Those shield bugs have only seconds to live!

Leave the beans to dry on the vine – the ultimate do nothing crop! As soon as they are dry – get them in. Pop a pod open to check. Bite on a bean and if its rock hard its ready. Dont leave them hanging around once dry – they’ll get mouldy and the pods may burst open.

Pop the beans out. Sort out any mouldy or squishy ones and put the rest in a jar in a dark cool pantry.

Comments

  1. Radha and Charles says

    Great stuff Kath. We’ve been growing shell-outs for some years now; several heritage climbing black-bean varieties from Mark, Fat Goose (high bean count per pod, which makes shelling out easier & more rewarding), soy (terrific protein), and perhaps the star of the show, perennial climbing butter beans! Otherwise known as ‘White Czar’ from Mark, these are exactly like scarlet runners, except the flowers and beans are white. They make smooth velvety hummus. We also leave our scarlet runners to shell out once they get stringy. I call them ‘Big Browns’ as the are a gorgeous rich brown when cooked. I use a pressure cooker for all our beans – they’re done in around 7mins once the steam is up. They are so much softer than top-cooked and pressure cooking retains more nutrients and also saves you shelling out too much on electricity! 🙂 The butter beans look and taste EXACTLY like Chantal canned butter beans – except home-grown, they taste better. Yell out of you want some butter bean seed – we’re just up the road in Levin. Oh yes, and we’re growing Purple Hyacinth beans too – extremely pretty, and very high in protein; still experimenting optimum use – trying fresh in the pod this year, as they are real hard to shell out

    • Awesome Radha, thanks!, great to hear from a fellow bean lover. Butter beans sound fab, but maybe another year, I’m all bean’ed up for this year. Love the tip about the pressure cooker – excellent. Wish you a great season, K

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